Members of my book group listed the ten books that had modified their thinking. Here’s my list:
Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 1884. An outcast understood the contradictions of slavery, showing individual conscience can be more discerning than the prevailing mores.
The Phenomenon of Man by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin 1959. Darwinian evolution is compatible with Catholic theology and symbolism. Important to me because I was a practicing Catholic when I read it in 1961.
Don’t Shoot the Dog by Karen Pryor 1984. Dogs and other animals can be taught without force or violence. Applies to people, too.
Innumeracy by John Allen Paulos 1988. Innumeracy (lack of facility with numbers and probability) is both widespread and has serious consequences. Do the math and do it right!
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond 1997. Differences in technological advancement among cultures are not because of differences of ability among races. Before I read this book I thought history was factoids about dead people, but history written by scientists reveals interesting patterns.
Non-Zero by Robert Wright 2001. Win-win prevails over zero-sum. IMHO, the Force that drives the Universe and human history.
Authentic Happiness by Martin EP Seligman 2002. Optimists thrive, building on their strengths.
The Rational Optimist by Matt Ridley 2010. Although pessimists are considered wise, they’ve almost always been wrong.
The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker 2011. Masses of data demonstrate that humans have become ever less violent over the ten thousand years of our history.
Merchants of Despair by Robert Zubrin 2012. Anti-humanist Malthusians, wrong so far, have hijacked environmentalist movements.
I see all the titles confirm my bias toward bottom-up evolution leading to peace and prosperity for all. The moral arc is long but it bends towards justice.